Energy bills and your rights

Understanding your energy bills will help you budget your costs throughout the year and avoid the risk of bill shock.

You can calculate your fortnightly use by multiplying your 'average cost per day' shown on your bill by 14.

You should record your meter reading and keep receipts of bill payments and cross-reference these to your actual bill to check you are being charged correctly.

If you've done everything you can to reduce your energy use and are still have difficulty paying your bill, take action early and don't ignore the problem.

  • Contact your retailer as soon as possible. Energy and water retailers are obliged to offer flexible payment options for customers experiencing financial difficulties. Explaining your situation early can help you avoid late payment fees or debt collector fees.
  • Ask the retailer about their hardship programs. Only agree to an instalment amount you can realistically afford. If you miss a payment or pay less than your agreed amount, your plan will be cancelled.
  • Contact a financial counsellor who can help you work out a budget and help you negotiate a repayment plan - phone 1800 007 007 (free call), 9.30 am to 4.00 pm, Monday to Friday.

You can't be disconnected if you stick to your payment plan.

Payment assistance

Eligible South Australians on low or fixed incomes can receive an energy bill concession.

Having your meter read

It's your responsibility to provide safe and unhindered access to your meter for readings every three months. If your meter is inaccessible for any reason, an estimated reading will be provided by your retailer (this will be indicated on your bill). At a minimum, you are obliged to provide access to your meter at least once every 12 months. This can be done by arranging a date and time with your retailer.

If you think your meter is faulty, you can arrange for a meter test, but there's a cost involved. Generally, meters meet high Australian standards - more than 98% of meters tested don't have any faults.

Transferring to another retailer

If you're considering transferring to another retailer, there are a few things you should be aware of.

  • Your contract may charge a fee if you move to another retailer. You could also be charged a termination fee if you choose to end your contract early.
  • Concessions don't automatically come across with you. Email or telephone the concessions hotline on 1800 307 758 to let them know your new details.
  • Centrepay or other payment plans will need to be updated with your new retailer and account details.
  • After the due date on your final bill from a retailer, you are no longer a customer of that particular retailer, and they are no longer obliged to offer any payment plan. They may refer outstanding debts to a debt collector.
  • The Australian Energy Regulator provides an independent price comparison service, and Energy Made Easy compares energy offers in your area. There are other price comparison services, but some of these are not fully independent. They may represent a select group of retailers from whom they receive a commission.

Making a complaint

If you want to make a complaint, it's important that you contact your retailer first. Be well prepared before you contact them. You should have all your information together, such as:

  • your most recent bills
  • letters sent by your retailer
  • photos of your meter.

If you're disputing an amount owing, you still need to pay the amount not in dispute - so you don't end up with a much larger debt by the time the next bill is due.

When you make your complaint:

  • make note of the date and time of the call, name of the person you spoke to, or ask for proof of the discussion, such as a reference number
  • state clearly how you would like your issue resolved
  • if the person you speak with can't help you, ask to escalate the complaint and speak to a supervisor. If you're still not happy after speaking to a supervisor, contact the Energy and Water Ombudsman SA
  • keep a copy of your notes for future reference.


There are certain circumstances when retailers aren't allowed to disconnect your supply. If you're wrongfully disconnected, you're entitled to claim compensation from the retailer.

Disconnection is a last resort and retailers must take a number of steps before disconnecting you. They must give you a reminder notice and a disconnection warning notice.

You can't be disconnected:

  • if you're on a payment plan and have followed the terms of your plan
  • if you're on a hardship program and have followed the terms of your program
  • if you live in a property registered as requiring life-support equipment
  • in extreme weather conditions (such as a heatwave)
  • between 20 and 31 December
  • after 3.00 pm on a business day
  • on a Friday, weekend, public holiday, or the day before a public holiday.

Water can't be disconnected because of health reasons, but water flow can be severely restricted.

Energy and Water Ombudsman SA

The Energy and Water Ombudsman SA is an independent body that can investigate and resolve disputes between customers and electricity, gas and water suppliers. The services are free to energy and water consumers in South Australia.

Further information:

Related information

Other websites

Managing energy services at home: a guide to rights, contracts and bills - Australian Energy Regulator

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Page last updated 9 November 2021

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