sa.gov.au

Driver's licence classes

Driver's licence classes and condition codes are uniform across all states and territories of Australia.

There are eight driver's licence classifications:

  • C Car
  • LR Light Rigid
  • MR Medium Rigid
  • HR Heavy Rigid
  • HC Heavy Combination
  • MC Multi Combination
  • R-DATE Motorcycle or trike with an engine capacity up to 660ml and a power-to-weight ratio not exceeding 150kw/tonne
  • R Motorcycle.

The driver's licence classifications table below provides a full description of the classes, age and driving experience requirements.

Licence class Motor vehicles authorised to be driven Minimum driving experience
C
  1. A motor vehicle with a GVM not greater than 4.5 t but not including:
    (a) a bus designed to carry more than 12 seated persons.
    (b) a motor bike or motor trike.

    Examples of vehicles which may be driven: sedans, station wagons, panel vans, utilities, light delivery vans, small trucks, quad bikes, special purpose vehicles (e.g. farm machines, small tractors, forklifts, or other like machinery)
  2. A motor vehicle included in 1 towing a single trailer, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
    For example, small truck towing a horse float, trailer, or caravan.
    MAY TOW: trailer, horse float, caravan or farm implement.
Must be at least 17 years old.
  • if you are under the age of 25 you must have held your learner's permit for at least 12 months
  • if you are aged 25 or over you must have held your learner's permit for at least 6 months.
LR
  1. A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding class.
  2. A motor vehicle with a GVM greater than 4.5 t but not greater than 8 t.
    (e.g. trucks, vans, tippers, special purpose vehicles, and buses designed to carry 13 or more seated persons)
  3. A bus with a GVM not greater than 8 t.
  4. A motor vehicle included in 2 or 3 towing a single trailer, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
    MAY TOW: - any farm implement. Any trailer provided the overall mass is within the Gross Combination Mass (GCM) of the towing vehicle.
    DRIVER'S LICENCE MUST BE CARRIED IF DRIVING A VEHICLE OVER 4.5 TONNE GVM
Must have held a class C for at least one year.
MR
  1. A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  2. A motor vehicle with two axles and a GVM greater than 8 t (e.g. two axle trucks, tippers and buses).
  3. A motor vehicle included in 2 towing a single trailer (other than a semi-trailer) with a GVM not greater than 9 t, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
  4. A special purpose vehicle with a GVM not greater than 15 t.
    MAY TOW: Any farm implement. Any trailer with a GVM not exceeding 9000 kg provided it is within the GCM of the towing vehicle.
    DRIVER'S LICENCE MUST BE CARRIED IF DRIVING A VEHICLE OVER 4.5 TONNE GVM
Must have held a class C for at least one year.
HR
  1. A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  2. A motor vehicle (including an articulated bus but not including any other articulated motor vehicle) with three or more axles and a GVM greater than 8 t (e.g. any bus (including articulated buses) trucks and tippers).
  3. A motor vehicle included in 2 towing a single trailer (other than a semi-trailer) with a GVM not greater than 9 t, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
    MAY TOW: - any farm implement. Any trailer with a GVM not exceeding 9000kg provided it is within the GCM of the towing vehicle.
    DRIVER'S LICENCE MUST BE CARRIED IF DRIVING A VEHICLE OVER 4.5 TONNE GVM
Must have held:
(a) a class C for at least two years or
(b) a class LR or MR for at least one year.
HC
  1. A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  2. A prime mover to which is attached a single semi-trailer (whether or not any unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly is also attached).
  3. A rigid motor vehicle to which is attached a single trailer with a GVM greater than 9 t (whether or not any unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly is also attached).
    DRIVER'S LICENCE MUST BE CARRIED IF DRIVING A VEHICLE OVER 4.5 TONNE GVM
Must have held a class MR or HR for at least one year.
MC
  1. Any motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles except a motor bike or motor trike (Includes B doubles; road trains)
    DRIVER'S LICENCE MUST BE CARRIED IF DRIVING A VEHICLE OVER 4.5 TONNE GVM
Must have held a class HR or HC for at least one year.
R-DATE*
  1. A motor bike or motor trike that:
    (a) has an engine capacity not exceeding 660 mL and a power to weight ratio not exceeding 150 kW per tonne
    (b) is of a kind approved from time to time by the Registrar by notice in the Gazette.

(*means the expiry date of the learner's permit or the date falling one year after class R-Date was endorsed on the licence. It indicates the date on which the holder may apply for a class R licence.)

17 years, and if no other licence is held:
  • if you are under the age of 25 you must have held your learner's permit for at least 12 months
  • if you are aged 25 or over you must have held your learner's permit for at least six months.
R
  1. Any motor bike or motor trike.
Must have held a class R-DATE for at least one year.

For information on obtaining a higher licence class, go to learning to drive a heavy vehicle or motorcycle.

Driving a bus

There are no specific licence classes to drive a bus. The authority to drive a bus is included in the three rigid vehicle licence classes LR, MR and HR. Holders of a licence class MC or HC are also authorised to drive buses.

The size of bus that you are authorised to drive is limited by the licence class appearing on your driver's licence.

Driving a bus for hire, fare or reward

You must be accredited to drive a bus for hire, fare or reward. For more information see driving a bus or passenger vehicle.

Heavy vehicle transmission conditions

If you hold a HR or HC licence with an auto restriction and your MC Certificate of Competency also specifies auto, then the MC licence is issued with an auto restriction.

If your MC Certificate of Competency specifies auto but your HR or HC licence has no restrictions, your MC licence will have no restrictions.


Related information

On this site

Heavy vehicles
Motorcycle licences

Enquiries

Phone

Telephone assistance is available Monday to Friday - local call charges apply:

  • registration and driver's licences - phone 13 10 84 (8.00 am to 6.00 pm)
  • general government information - phone 13 23 24 (9.00 am to 5.00 pm).

Customer service centres 

Customer service centre locations and opening times

Email

For general registration or licensing queries or questions about other services provided by Service SA, email ServiceSA@sa.gov.au.


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Page last updated: 25 July 2014