Energy efficient home design

Insulation and ventilation

Insulation, preventing draughts and controlling ventilation in your home can reduce the amount of heating and cooling you need in your home.

Insulation

Insulation is any material that reduces the amount of heat transfer to or from your home through doors, windows, walls, ceilings, floors and gaps. Insulation helps:

  • keep the warmth inside your home in winter
  • prevent heat from entering your home in summer
  • reduce your heating and cooling related costs and greenhouse gas emissions.

The Australian Government’s YourHome website provides information about:

Diagram showing typical heat gain in summer for an uninsulated home. Ceiling 25-35%, Walls 15-25%, Floor 10-20%, Air leaks 5-15%, Windows 25-35%.Diagram showing typical heat loss in winter from an uninsulated home. Ceiling 25-35%, Walls 10-20%, Floor 10-20%, Air leaks 15-25%, Windows 11-20%.

Having insulation installed in your home

When choosing an installer, make sure they have a South Australian builder's licence that permits them to install insulation – check they are licensed via the licensing public register.

Ask the installer and make sure that the insulation has an appropriate R-value for your home, is certified to Australian Standard AS3999, and has been properly treated for fire or is a non-combustible product. Insulation products have a fire rating under Australian Standards AS1530.3.

Insulation batts should fit snugly between wall and ceiling joists with allowance for them to expand to their natural thickness. Insulation should be kept clear of electrical equipment – eg downlights, exhaust fans and electrical wiring. Your installer should install appropriate barriers and/or covers.

You can do a basic assessment of your home to determine if your roof space has objects that may generate heat and pose a fire risk if they touch the insulation. Use the Self-assessment and installer acknowledgement form (314.9 KB PDF) so you can discuss your concerns with your insulation installer or licensed electrician. Installers can also use this form to identify hazards and acknowledge they have installed the insulation safely.

Preventing draughts

Draughts can account for up to 25% of a home’s heat loss in winter or heat gain in summer. Reducing draughts is an easy and cost effective way of reducing heating and cooling costs.

Reduce draughts by sealing:

  • cracks and gaps between walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors
  • unnecessary vents
  • exhaust fans and outlet grilles
  • unused fireplaces
  • vented skylights
  • evaporative cooling ceiling vents (during colder months).

If you have a gas heater in your home, you need to ensure there is adequate ventilation for it to operate safely. Before you seal any exhaust fans or outlet grilles, check with a licensed gas fitter that it is safe to do so.

Controlling ventilation

Encouraging airflow on summer evenings is an effective means of cooling the house and occupants. Cross ventilation occurs when two sides of the home are opened to allow air to flow from one end to the other. The Australian Government’s YourHome website explains how you can make the most of this form of passive cooling in your home.


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Page last updated 16 February 2017

Provided by:
Department of State Development
URL:
http://www.sa.gov.au/topics/energy-and-environment/energy-efficient-home-design/insulation-and-ventilation
Last Updated:
16/02/17
Printed on:
24/03/17
Copyright statement:
SA.GOV.AU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence. © Copyright 2016