Driver's licence

Driver's licence classes

Driver's licence classes and condition codes are uniform across all states and territories of Australia.

There are eight driver's licence classifications:

  • C Car
  • LR Light Rigid
  • MR Medium Rigid
  • HR Heavy Rigid
  • HC Heavy Combination
  • MC Multi Combination
  • R-DATE Motorcycle or trike with an engine capacity up to 660 ml and a power-to-weight ratio not exceeding 150 kw/tonne
  • R Motorcycle.

The driver's licence classifications below provide a full description of the classes, age and driving experience requirements.

C class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

A motor vehicle with a GVM not greater than 4.5 t but not including:

  • a bus designed to carry more than 12 seated persons.
  • a motor bike or motor trike.

Examples of vehicles which may be driven:

  • sedans
  • station wagons
  • panel vans
  • utilities
  • light delivery vans
  • small trucks
  • quad bikes
  • special purpose vehicles - eg farm machines, small tractors, forklifts, or other like machinery
  • a motor vehicle towing a single trailer, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961 - eg small truck towing a horse float, trailer, or caravan or farm implement.

Minimum driving experience

Must be at least 17 years old:

  • if you are under the age of 25 you must have held your learner's permit for at least 12 months
  • if you are 25 or over you must have held your learner's permit for at least 6 months.

LR class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding class.
  • A motor vehicle with a GVM greater than 4.5 t but not greater than 8 t.
    - eg trucks, vans, tippers, special purpose vehicles, and buses designed to carry 13 or more seated persons
  • A bus with a GVM not greater than 8 t.
  • A motor vehicle included above towing a single trailer, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
    May tow - any farm implement. Any trailer provided the overall mass is within the Gross Combination Mass (GCM) of the towing vehicle.
  • Driver's licence must be carried if driving a vehicle over 4.5 tonne GVM

Minimum driving experience

Must have held a class C for at least one year.

MR Class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  • A motor vehicle with two axles and a GVM greater than 8 t (eg two axle trucks, tippers and buses).
  • A motor vehicle included in 2 towing a single trailer (other than a semi-trailer) with a GVM not greater than 9 t, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
  • A special purpose vehicle with a GVM not greater than 15 t.
    May tow: Any farm implement. Any trailer with a GVM not exceeding 9000 kg provided it is within the GCM of the towing vehicle.
  • Driver's licence must be carried if driving a vehicle over 4.5 tonne GVM.

Minimum driving experience

Must have held a class C for at least one year.

HR class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  • A motor vehicle (including an articulated bus but not including any other articulated motor vehicle) with three or more axles and a GVM greater than 8 t (e.g. any bus (including articulated buses) trucks and tippers).
  • A motor vehicle included above towing a single trailer (other than a semi-trailer) with a GVM not greater than 9 t, subject to the combination mass limits fixed under the Road Traffic Act 1961.
    MAY TOW: - any farm implement. Any trailer with a GVM not exceeding 9000kg provided it is within the GCM of the towing vehicle.
  • Driver's licence must be carried if driving a vehicle over 4.5 tonne GVM

Minimum driving experience

Must have held one of these:

  • a class C for at least two years
  • a class LR or MR for at least one year.

HC class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of a preceding class.
  • A prime mover to which is attached a single semi-trailer (whether or not any unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly is also attached).
  • A rigid motor vehicle to which is attached a single trailer with a GVM greater than 9 t (whether or not any unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly is also attached).
  • Driver's licence must be carried if driving a vehicle over 4.5 tonne GVM.

Minimum driving experience

Must have held a class MR or HR for at least one year.

MC class

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

  • Any motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles except a motor bike or motor trike (Includes B doubles and road trains)
  • Driver's licence must be carried if driving a vehicle over 4.5 tonne GVM

Minimum driving experience

Must have held a class HR or HC for at least one year.

R-DATE

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

A motor bike or motor trike that:

  • has an engine capacity not exceeding 660 mL and a power to weight ratio not exceeding 150 kW per tonne
  • is of a kind approved by the Registrar by notice in the Government Gazette.
    (A * (asterisk) means the expiry date of the learner's permit or the date falling one year after class R-Date was endorsed on the licence. It indicates the date on which the holder may apply for a class R licence.)

Minimum driving experience

17 years, and if no other licence is held:

  • if you are under the age of 25 you must have held your learner's permit for at least 12 months
  • if you are aged 25 or over you must have held your learner's permit for at least six months.

R

Motor vehicles authorised to be driven

Any motor bike or motor trike.

Minimum driving experience

Must have held a class R-DATE for at least one year.

Driving a bus

There are no specific licence classes to drive a bus. The authority to drive a bus is included in the three rigid vehicle licence classes LR, MR and HR. Holders of a licence class MC or HC are also authorised to drive buses.

The size of bus that you are authorised to drive is limited by the licence class appearing on your driver's licence.

Driving a bus for hire, fare or reward

You must be accredited to drive a bus for hire, fare or reward. For more information see driving a bus or passenger vehicle.

Heavy vehicle transmission conditions

If you hold a HR or HC licence with an auto restriction and your MC Certificate of Competency also specifies auto, then the MC licence is issued with an auto restriction.

If your MC Certificate of Competency specifies auto but your HR or HC licence has no restrictions, your MC licence will have no restrictions.


Related information

Enquiries

Online

Send your enquiry to Service SA and we'll respond within five business days.

Enquire now

Phone

  • Registration and driver's licences - 13 10 84 (8.00 am to 6.00 pm)
  • General government information - 13 23 24 (9.00 am to 5.00 pm)
  • Overseas callers - +61 8 8463 3490

In person


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Page last updated 14 February 2017

Provided by:
Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure
URL:
http://www.sa.gov.au/topics/driving-and-transport/drivers-and-licences/drivers-licence/driver-s-licence-classes
Last Updated:
14/02/17
Printed on:
25/07/17
Copyright statement:
SA.GOV.AU is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence. © Copyright 2016